To understand the privilege it is to be a Christian we need to appreciate divine adoption.
“Those who are led by the Spirit are sons of God” (Romans 8:14). “We are God’s children” (Romans 8:16).
For Romans, adoption usually occurred when a wealthy adult had no heir for his estate. He would then adopt someone as heir–it could be a child, a youth, or an adult.
When adoption occurred several things were immediately true:
- His old debt and obligations were paid.
- He got a new name and was instantly heir.
- His new father became instantly liable for all his actions
- The new son also had obligations to honor and please his father.
Throughout Romans 8, three times Christians are called “sons” of God (vs. 14, 15, 19) and “children of God” (vs. 16, 17, 21).